Hazara nairovirus requires COPI components in both Arf1-dependent and Arf1-independent stages of its replication cycle

J. Fuller, B. Álvarez-Rodríguez, E. J. A. A. Todd, J. Mankouri, R. Hewson and J. N. Barr

Hazara nairovirus is classified within the Bunyavirales order, and can be used as a model system for Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus. Using siRNAs targeting genes involved in cellular trafficking and a recombinant Hazara nairovirus expressing eGFP, two distinct phases in the virus replication cycle were found; an early phase prior to and including protein production that exhibits a minor coat protein 1 (COPI) dependence and Arf1 independence, followed by a second phase involved in infectious virus production that is highly COPI dependent and dependent on Arf1 function. It is intriguing to speculate that the non-canonical method of COPI trafficking shown here may represent a newly-recognised feature of the mammalian cellular transport system.

Published September 2020 in Journal of Virology

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Host switching pathogens, infectious outbreaks and zoonosis; a Marie Sklodowska-Curie Innovative Training Network.

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 721367.